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(ecology) A form of competition between different species inhabiting the same ecological area
In biology, competition refers to the symbiotic interaction between or among living things for limited resources. These resources may be in the form of territory, goods, food (prey), mates, etc. Competition is one of the different symbioses that occur in nature. The competing organisms may be between the same or different species.
Competition may be intraspecific or interspecific. Interspecific competition is a form of competition between different species of the same ecological area. An example of interspecific competition is between lions and tigers that vie for similar prey . Another example is a farm of rice paddies with weeds growing in the field. Nevertheless, interspecific competition is generally less intense than intraspecific competition, which is a form of competition between the same species. That is because different species would tend to have different requirements for reproduction and growth. In contrast, same species compete for the same resource requirements.
Interspecific competition is capable of altering populations or communities in a particular ecological area. One species may be favoured over the other that vies for the same limited resource.
- intraspecific competition
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What are some examples of intraspecfic competition and interspecific competition?
Apr 5, 2018
Intra and inter specific interactions are very common in our surroundings.
- Take a handful of mustard seeds and sow them in a pot and water them regularly, provide all the required conditions for them to germinate.
- Almost all the seeds would germinate but all of them may not turn into plants.
- This is due to the competition among the seedlings for space, water, nutrients, and sunlight.
- This type of interaction between the members of the same species for shelter, nutrients is called intraspecific interaction.
- Imagine a cow and a horse on a piece of grassland.
- Both of them belong to different species but compete for the same grass (food).
- This type of interaction is called interspecific interaction.
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